Been told that you have to memorize some Shakespeare? Been there, done that. Probably Romeo and Juliet, right? Balcony scene? You're not alone. You probably resent the assignment. You've probably already tried it and aren't doing too well, and are looking for ideas.
I'm with you. I think the whole concept of "Memorize some Shakespeare, it'll be good for you" might be the worst thing that teachers do when it comes to the subject. Because they do it all backwards. You have no context for the words, you've probably been told "don't even think about watching the movie until after you read the script", and you probably don't really care in general. You're just doing it because you've been told to do it, and you want to get it done as soon as possible.
I have an easy way to demonstrate how bad of an idea this really is. Let's take a song that I like. Say, Astronomy Domine, by Pink Floyd. It helps if you've never heard it. Now, memorize it. Why? Because I said so. Because I've told you that it has value, and I'm the teacher, and I'm in a position to punish you if you fail. Do it on time, too, or else you fail.
Even if you succeed, do you think you'll ever like that song? Sure, maybe you could recognize it and even pull a few lines out of your memory, but would you know what the words mean? Would you care? Not likely. Very early on in your education I'm quite sure that they started watching for something called "reading comprehension", which means that you can do more than just repeat the words, you can actually understand the meaning of what it is that you're saying.
So why isn't this true with Shakespeare? The way it is positioned -- memorize first, understand second, appreciate last (if ever) is just totally backwards. The most important thing to you has to be just being able to mindlessly repeat the words so that you can pass the assignment. And you then promptly forget them after you get your passing grade.
I'll show you a little trick. Right now, off the top of my head: When shall we three meet again, in thunder lightning or in rain? When the hurly burly's done, when the battle's lost and won. That will be e'er the set of sun. Where the place? Upon the heath. There to meet with...Macbeth! I come, Greymalkin...Paddock calls....Anon, Anon......Fair is foul and foul is fair, hover through the fog and filthy air!
That's the first scene of Macbeth. Nobody ever told me to memorize that. I can do it with large hunks of different plays, too. I'm not even an actor, I've never had to get up on stage and recite any of it. It just sticks for me, sometimes.
So having said all that, I can finally get to the tips. Some ideas for you, in no special order:
- See if your teacher will let you memorize a passage of your choice. Many will, assuming that it is of an acceptable length. This gives you more freedom in finding a passage that is more comfortable for you. Some people find the balcony scene from Romeo and Juliet just too sappy to take seriously. So maybe take something from the great sword fight that Romeo and Tybalt have in Act Three? Or even something from the Chorus at the very beginning. Juliet's "Gallop apace, you fiery footed steeds..." bit is great, once you realize that she's basically hanging out at the window saying "I wish it would hurry up and get dark so Romeo can get here."
- See the movie! How are you supposed to know what these words sound ou like if you don't hear someone speak them? Always remember that Shakespeare wrote plays not novels. His words were meant to be performed. If your teacher insists that you not do this, then ask if you can complete the assignment by copying down the words instead of reciting them. If all you did was memorize what the words look like on paper, you can't be expected to know what they're supposed to sound like.
- Get some context for the words, by any means necessary. Ask somebody who has read the play, if you can't see the movie. You need to have some clue about what the words are supposed to mean, otherwise I could just as well be asking you to memorize "blue garbage cat does triangle five table hands title"... or any other string of random words. In the balcony scene, Romeo is hiding in the bushes and has just seen Juliet come out onto the balcony. He's talking to himself, trying to find words to describe how beautiful she is, how she stands out against the night sky (that's where all that "Juliet is the sun" stuff comes from). Juliet, meanwhile, is also talking to herself out loud, saying "Of all the men in the world, how come I had to fall in love with one of my family's mortal enemies?"
- Find the rhythm in what you're memorizing, as if it were music. This is poetry, after all. As you read it, tap your hand along and try to get the appropriate dah DAH dah DAH dah DAH sound. Or, in the case of what I just read, DAH da DAH da DAH... WHEN shall WE three MEET aGAIN, in THUNder LIGHTning OR in RAIN? WHEN the HURly BURly's DONE, WHEN the BATtle's LOST and WON... Get the idea? but SOFT what LIGHT through YONder WINdow BREAKS, it IS the EAST...
- Try to group the lines into a logical set. Usually one "line" is not a complete sentence. Shakespeare did tend to be wordy. "But soft, what light through yonder window breaks?" is a complete sentence, but it is a question. So what's the answer? "It is the east, and Juliet is the sun."
- "Practice" by keeping an ear open for other lines in the play that stuck in your head. It's actually easier to memorize 20 individual lines scattered around the play than it is to memorize 20 in a row. Much of the difficulty in memorizing a Shakespearean monologue is just plain lack of confidence. You get a block that says "I can't do it" and thus you can't. But once you realize that you've already memorized a bunch of lines without even trying, that mental block tends to go away.
- Try to remember that these are indeed people talking to other people, trying to get their point across. Put some emotion into the words. That's one of the reasons that I say to try finding a passage that you really like. When I was in high school and had to do the balcony scene, there were 4 boys and 4 girls in the class and we were paired up to recite it. And, of course, all of us were painfully shy over the whole prospect, since if we actually did it well, then we'd have to endure endless speculation that we must like each other (ewwwwwww). I remember deliberately doing it badly just to avoid that. So maybe try a scene where Romeo is angry (like after the death of Mercutio), or when Juliet actually stands up for herself.
Good luck! Try not to let the experience of memorizing Shakespeare make you hate it for life. There's some good stuff in there, if you listen for it.
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