Thursday, January 26, 2012

The Mute and Pause Method

Long-time readers of the blog know my special love for The Tempest, my excitement over the recent movie version by Julie Taymor, and my eventual crushing disappointment that followed.  I can't begin to link to all the stories on those subjects over the years.

But that was then and this is now, and I've got a copy of the DVD here at home and I'm walking the kids through it in these little 10 minute before-you-go-to-bed bursts.  They don't understand a word of it, and they tell me.  And I'm ok with that, because I'm standing right there explaining to them, in these 10 minute chunks, precisely what's going on.

Last night it dawned on me that I'd stumbled across what I'll call the "mute and pause" teaching method.  Specifically we were watching the scene where Gonzalo and Alonso have suddenly fallen asleep, and Antonio and Sebastian plot to kill them. I mute the scene, since the kids aren't getting the words at all.

"You see that guy?  He's the real bad guy.  He's here thinking, hey, the king's asleep, his son's dead, nobody else is around ... he's telling his friend, if we kill the king, then you can be king!  His friend here, he's more of a medium bad guy, he's not the kind of guy that thinks of that first.  But when somebody plants the idea in his brain he's all Yeahhhh.....*I* could be king! Good idea!"

You can't do this with a book, or a retelling, or even a stage play.  From a child's perspective, that scene is long.  They talk a lot.  If you're forced to sit through that, or read that, and you don't understand it?  Sure, I can see where it's confusing and boring.  So what we get in my house is we get to *see* it, we get to see the bad guy's face and how he pulls his friend aside and whispers conspiratorial thoughts in his ear, all while getting the high level summary of what's going on.  So they get more than just "story and character", they get a visual to go along with it.  We bridge that gap toward "Shakespeare must be seen, not read!"  Seeing goes a long way toward understanding, I agree completely. But not the whole way.  So why not help the kids along?

Even better than the mute option is the pause option.  *Click* pause. "See that, kids?  See how Ariel has frozen time for a second?  Ariel knows that Gonzalo - the nice man with the gray hair, who won't stop talking?  He's Prospero's friend from a long time ago.  Ariel sees that there's trouble, and he knows that Prospero would want his friend to be protected, so Ariel's about to foil the bad guys' plans."  *Click* resume.

I could *never* do that for a stage performance.  In the time it took me to lean over my seat and try to whisper that explanation, the scene will have progressed and we'd never catch up.  But when reading it, you don't get that great tension of exactly how close it is, how they've got their swords up and ready to strike right at the moment Ariel wakes them.

One last thing, I'd also like to point out that I'm not just sacrificing the text in my muting and fast forwarding. I'm just picking my spots.  For instance they got to hear the whole introduction of Trinculo and Caliban, and for the most part they understood it (and laughed their behinds off). 

Today's lesson, though, was about Gonzalo.  "Watch for something, kids.  You know the white haired guy that won't shut up?  He's a good and loyal friend, and that's a big deal. Even though he's in with the bad guys, he's a good guy.  When they kicked Prospero and Miranda out of the kingdom and stuck them in the boat? It was Gonzalo who put the food and water and most importantly Prospero's magic books into the boat with them.  You know how Gonzalo is a good guy?  Because when the king falls asleep, you've got these two other guys over here whose first thoughts are let's kill him and become king!  But good old Gonzalo, who is really pretty old to be doing any fighting, when Ariel wakes him up watch this - his very first words aren't 'Holy cow I fell asleep!' or "What's going on?" or anything, his very first thought is "Preserve the king!"  So that's how you know that he's a good guy.  That's the guy you want on your team."

In any other context you might completely miss that line.  But once your attention is called to it, it's a very important character trait.  At least, in my humble opinion. :)


Emsworth said...

Duane: You're REALLY going to want to get over to Lenox, MA this summer to see Olympia Dukakis in the lead role in The Tempest. The work they're doing there at Shakespeare & Co. is just superb.

Duane Morin said...

First of all, dang, where you been? I haven't seen your name in ages!

Second, I know! I kick myself that I live in Massachusetts and have never been out there. In my defense, even though we're not the biggest state in the land that it still a big hike, 3 hours by Google's calculation.

I have to stop making excuses, though, and just go see it.

Third, lead role? What is this, a new thing where Prospero is just always a woman now??

JM said...

I think what you're doing is very cool, and does help to build a bridge to learning, but... since I teach kids and adults of all ages, let me be clear about the bottom line as I see it.
Ultimately, the idea is to facilitate an ability to *listen* to the words. This is why knowledge of *how* to "speak the speech" is so important. In the larger sense, (outside the sphere in which you're presently operating of course) being the visually oriented society we are, we *see* too much and *hear* far too little. (some of the very 'gifts' film and tv have bestowed upon us). Shakespeare can help us to mend the imbalance.

Since you quoted a 'maxim'-- "Shakespeare must be seen, not read!" --in conjunction with what you were doing, I felt it was necessary to make the distinction between *it* and the ultimate desired end as I was taught to see it.
The maxim as it was taught to me: "Shakespeare was meant to be heard, not read." I've come to wholeheartedly embrace the philosophy in my teaching because it works.

BUT, let me repeat. In the end, regardless of what I think about the above,I'm sure that what you're doing is a great step toward understanding.

John Hort said...

I liked your Mute and Pause method for taking your children through the text. But with our modern English version you don't have to do thst. The children just know what's going on! Then they are ready to go to the real thing.

How about replacing "Shakespeare must be seen not read" with "Shakespeare must be acted not seen"! Again, this is possible with our versions.

John and Leela Hort

JM said...

Duane, You DON'T HAVE TO take your children through the text! Say goodbye to THAT awful chore.
--And I won't have to go through the joy...I mean... the boring tedium, of explaining what Shakespeare means while directing second graders in scenes which they then SUCCESSFULLY ACT--IN HIS WORDS, not someone else's--on university stages for hundreds of students and adults. Whatever could we have been thinking?

Will and Will and Me said...

You might be interested in new re-telling of The Tempest that my brother and I are working on. We're posting it in installments on our website
We would really love some feedback on it.

Duane Morin said...

Holy cow that artwork is amazing! Immediately conjured up images of first reading The Hobbit - what I assume is Caliban on top of Trinculo looks like it could easily have been Gollum pestering Bilbo.

I'll be honest I took a quick look at the text and don't love the Dr. Seuss-ish meter (dah dah DAH dah dah DAH dah dah DAH dah dah DAH...) but I'll try to get back to it when I have a bit more time and see if it grows on me. Or, more importantly my kids. It could be perfect for them. When are you planning to package that for distribution?